First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague Charles University in Prague

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Medical Biophysics

The study programme Medical Biophysics is an interdisciplinary branch of science which employs virtually all biological fields and is focused on scientific study and independent research activities in interdisciplinary settings, from natural science up to clinical medical work. This branch of science originated from the need to separate medical applications observing interactions of physical fields and radiation with a living organism from the bulk of technological and biological disciplines. 

The goal of the study of Medical Biophysics is understanding of basic biological processes for development in innovative methods and/or devices for clinical application in diagnosis and therapy. Doctorands, further to their Masters education, are recruited for scientific and research projects at the training institutions and motivated by their Supervising Tutors to solve scientific and research problems of their own. In keeping with the recent developments, the programme Medical Biophysics is also focused on interconnection of the studies with the needs of clinical practice.

Courses rendered by the Field Board in the programme Medical Biophysics:
B90087 Biofyzikální metody v medicíně (Biophysical methods in medicine)
B90215 Practical Medical Physics and Technology for the Leksell Gamma Knife Radiosurgery
B90249 Zobrazovací metody a systémy lékařství (Imaging methods and systems in medicine)

Study obligations
1) the individualized curriculum („study plan“) of the student designed by the Supervising Tutor and the Guarantor of the study program
2) part of the individualized curriculum is the completion of 3-4 semestral courses (4 courses are recommended) and the language preparation proven by the language exam or language certificate.

The semestral courses are chosen from the list of optional doctoral courses for the program Medical Biophysics taking into account the topic of the thesis and the previous education of the student. If allowed by the Supervising Tutor and the Field Board, the student can also choose courses from other study programs. Maximum of two subjects can be chosen from the pre-graduate study course list, if the doctorand can apply them and did not complete them during his/her master study program.

Requirements on creative activities
At least two original publications on the topic of the thesis in journals with IF. At least in one publication, the doctorand must be the first author.

Requirements on placements taken
A stay abroad at a relevant professional institution, not shorter than one month, or participation on an international research project. In special and clearly justifiable cases, such as exceptional scientific results or a single excellent first-author publication, the Field Board can decide the student can omit the placement.

Other requirements
Part of the individualized curriculum is a regular publication activity and the presentation of the output of the research project at both national and international scientific conferences. Active participation as tutors in the pre-graduate tuition (seminars, clinical rotations) is recommended.

State doctoral exam
Requirements for the admission to the State docoral exam: succesful completion of the study obligations and the English language exam (examination at the Institute for History of Medicine and Foreign Languages, State Language Examination or an internationally recognized exam, e.g. TOEFL, Cambridge certificate).

The objective of the State doctoral exam is to check the student’s way of scientific thought, i.e. his/her ability of comprehension of the nature of the problem, including the ability of conceiving own ways of solution of the given problems. At the exam, the students are supposed to prove their knowledge of their chosen field to the full extent of the undergraduate level but also the knowledge of trends in research and modern methodology of recent biomedicine as applied to the topic area of their dissertation theses.

Requisites for admission to the defence:
1) fulfillment of all the above mentioned study obligations including the completion of the State doctoral exam
2) publication of at least two publications connected to the topic of the thesis and published in internationally recognized journal with IF (Web of Science). At least in one of them the applicant should be shown as the first author.

The thesis defence
The objective is a comprehensive scientific treatise with precise definition of the own original results of the doctorand as well as the citation of all the sources. The prerequisite for handing in the thesis is the publication of at least two publications connected to the topic of the thesis and published in internationally recognized journal with IF. The thesis is submitted to the Chair of the Field Board either in the usual format or in the form of monothematic compilation of five sientific publications with one introduction, discussion and summary. Theses in English are handed in together with the dissertation.

Course of the thesis defence
The applicant presents the topic of his research, discussion regarding the research and the dissertation thesis follows. The Field Board askes the student four questions from the subject matters listed on the website of the Doctoral Study Programmes in Biomedicine

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